Scott L. Havsy, DO, JD, DAAPM
Certified in Pain Management

Invasive - Surgery
 

 

Surgery is the last treatment of choice but is unfortunately necessary in those patients where this is an identifiable lesion such as a herniated disc compressing on a nerve root, spinal stenosis where the spinal canal where the spinal cord lies is compressed or where there is significant degenerative changes in the spine (facet joints) or discs, or when an instability in the spine exits.

It is always recommended to seek at least two opinions from a surgeon who has experience in spinal surgery. The patient should do as much reading on the proposed procedure so you will have a clear understanding of the risks to benefits and complications of surgery since once you have had the procedure, it cannot be undone and restore you back to your pre-existing state.

If you smoke it is recommended that you quit smoking at least two weeks prior to surgery and to avoid smoking afterwards.